Bosnian Mountain Horse

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is the indigenous breed of domestic horse in Bosnia. It accounts for 70% of the country’s horse population. A small breed, it is primarily used as a pack animal and for riding. This article explores the Bosnian Mountain Horse’s history and characteristics. Read on to learn more. And stay tuned for more articles about this breed! This horse was once rewilded by Bosnian farmers. It’s now a protected breed, and its future is bright.


The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a breed of equine that originated in the Dinaric Alps. Throughout its history, this breed served as a pack animal, work horse, and riding mount. Its ancestors are the Hucul and Konik ponies. Today, the Bosnian Mountain Horse is an important mode of transportation in the region. In 1908, the Gorazde state stud began selective breeding with three stallions and nine mares.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a small domestic breed that makes up the majority of the horse population in the country of the same name. The Bosnian Mountain Horse is closely related to the Hucul and Konik ponies, three other breeds in the Balkans. The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a descendant of the Mongolian Wild Horse and Tarpan, though Turks added more Oriental blood. The breed has long legs and is known for its good temperament.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is native to the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where they made up 70 percent of the population of horses. Because the breed was bred in isolation for centuries, it has some unusual characteristics. It is an excellent riding and packing horse and is also incredibly hardy. It has also been adapted to living in a mountainous region and has evolved to adapt well to harsh climate.

The study evaluated the genetic diversity of the potential Bosnian mountain horse population and its genetic structure to determine its possible sources of autochthonous germplasm. Genomic DNA was extracted from the whole blood of 61 Bosnian mountain horses and divided into three groups based on the population of origin. Genomic DNA was genotyped with 17 specific microsatellite markers. The results indicated that Group 1 had the highest genetic heterogeneity compared to Groups 2 and 3. The genotypes from the three groups confirmed the admixture model.


The Bosnian Mountain Horse is the most common breed of horse in the Balkans. Various breed lines have evolved over the years. Three stallion lines and nine mare lines are currently recognized. Of the three, the Agan line is no longer used. However, Arab stallions have been used in the Borike stud to improve the breed. Three smaller types of Bosnian Mountain Horses were also developed: the Glasinacki, the Podveleski, and the Glasinacki. These horses are mostly used as farm animals, for both grazing and meat production.

The Bosnian mountain horse was developed at Gorazde stud in Bosnia, and the Borike stud was another important breeding center in the region. The horses were selectively bred at the Borike stud and spread throughout Bosnia. As a result, they were larger and more refined than before. After the war, the Bosnian breed of horses was bred strictly for pure breeding. But the Bosnian breed has also developed new characteristics, such as the ability to move quickly.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse was originally used as a mountain pack horse, but over time gained the blood of oriental horses. During the Turkish occupation, the Bosnian Mountain Horse was used as a riding pony. A stud for Bosnian mountain ponies was first established in 1908, but the breed was disbanded six years later. The Bosnian pony was later recognized again in 1929, and the best mares, free of oriental blood, were purchased for breeding. This breeding program produced the foundation sires of the Bosnian mountain horse as we know it today.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a heavy, stout, and primitive breed of horse. It is related to the extinct Tarpan and is similar to the Polish Konik breed. Its long bone lengths are another significant point of comparison between the two types. Nevertheless, it is still important to understand what makes this horse so unique. And as it evolves, so will its appearance. It is the horse’s physical appearance.


The Bosnian Mountain Horse was first bred in 1908 at the stud in Gorazde. Several other stud farms in the area were later used to create two new stallion and mare lines, one of which became the dominant type. These stallion and mare lines are called Glasinacki, Barut and Misko, respectively. The Glasinacki type has considerable Arab influence, and it is found primarily in Herzegovina. The Borike stud is also responsible for the breed’s current name.

These horses were brought to Germany between 1970 and 1991. Although they had a poor reputation at first, they now have a fair chance of carving a niche for themselves in the small horse trade. In 1993, the Bosnian Mountain Horse was recognized by the Interessengemeinschaft Bosnische Gebirgspferde (Bosnia’s National Association).

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a highly regarded working animal, and is typically used in forestry and agriculture. It has many benefits, including a long lifespan and resistance to disease. However, it is still considered a primitive breed, and this is reflected in the breed’s naming. The Bosnian Mountain Horse was first bred by Slovenian breeders, but today Bosnian mountain horse breeders are also actively breeding the breed in nine other countries, with a goal of increasing the number of thoroughbreds in the region.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a small, domestic animal that makes up the majority of the horse population in Bosnia. These horses are closely related to the Hucul and Konik ponies, and are also thought to be descended from the Mongolian Wild Horse and Tarpan. The addition of more Asian blood from the Ottomans and Turks is also believed to have contributed to the breed’s unique character. And because they are rare, the Bosnian Mountain Horse is also in danger of extinction.


Located in the Velebit Mountains of Croatia, the Bosnian Mountain Horse is an endangered breed. In order to save the breed, Rewilding Europe has been rewilding the area around Lika Plains since 2007. In recent years, the organization has successfully released over 80 wild horses onto the area, demonstrating the benefits of natural processes and grazing. Rewilding Europe continues to work with local landowners to expand the area used for natural grazing.

This endangered breed evolved in the Balkans, where it lived in the wild. It evolved naturally, adapting to the climate differences and other environmental factors. These horses are hardy, require little food, and are able to mate without any human assistance. Although this rare breed is highly endangered, rewilding efforts are helping to preserve the species and its culture. These efforts will help ensure that the Bosnian Mountain Horse is rewilded as an authentic breed.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse has undergone selective breeding since the early 20th century. During this time, a stud farm in Gorazde, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was operated by the state, while mares were privately owned. Before the conflict, these horses had strict standards for performance. These standards are still in place today, though the horse has lost a significant portion of its population due to over-hunting.

Rewilding is an important process to maintain an ecosystem. By allowing wild animals to graze in the natural landscape, the mosaic landscape of old growth forests, shrubs, and rich open fields is maintained. Rewilding will not only benefit the horse’s future, but also provide new jobs for local people. In addition, the rewilded horses will also stimulate new forms of tourism in the area. With the development of new tourism, the Bosnian Mountain Horse will become a vital part of the community.


There are no state laws or programs to protect domestic horses in BiH, so Slovenia’s registration as an autochthonous breed caused controversy. While Slovenia’s move angered many BiH residents, the association that requested the registration maintained that its move was not an attempt to appropriate the breed. The Bosnian Mountain Horse is endangered. It is native to the country’s mountainous regions. But that doesn’t mean the horse is doomed.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse has been selectively bred since the beginning of the 20th century, and the stud center was located in Gorazde, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The state controlled the stallions, and private owners kept the mares. The state controlled the stallions, and they had to undergo performance tests. Thankfully, a large herd of Boskarin cattle was able to help protect the horses, and the Bosnian Pony is still thriving.

The Bosnian Mountain Horse is a close relative of the wild steppe horse of south-Russia. Although the last Tarpan horse died in the 1880s, the Przewalskis lived into the modern era. Despite this, a lack of funding has made the breed even more vulnerable to extinction. The Bosnian mountain horse is one of the most important species of wild horses in Europe, and the Rewilding Europe programme has contributed to the protection of this authentic breed.

The study has identified potential sources of autochthonous germplasm for Bosnian mountain horses, and its genetic diversity. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood samples of 61 potential Bosnian mountain horses, divided according to population origin. The genomic DNA was genotyped using 17 specific microsatellite markers. Despite the high heterogeneity, there was a high level of inbreeding between Groups 1 and 3, and an increase in inbreeding coefficient of 0.1678 was noted in Group 3 when compared to Group 2.

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