The Murgese Horse

The Murgese breed is a small, sturdy horse that is about 14 to 15 hands high. They are often black or gray with black points, or they can be bay, or a combination of the two colors. The head of a Murgese is slender and upright, with a prominent jaw and wide forehead. The neck is sturdy and broad at the base. The withers are pronounced. They have a long, straight, and muscular body.


The Murgese Horse is one of the oldest breeds of Italian horses. They are bred in the South Eastern region of the country, halfway between the Adriatic Sea and the Ioninan Sea. The region is known for its caves and trulli, which represent the perfect model of the Murgese horse’s physical features. This breed of Italian horse is known for its solidity and rustic appearance, and its ability to thrive on rocky, steep paths made of typical karst stone.

The Murgese horse is generally a sturdy breed of horse, weighing between 340 to 410kg. They are black, gray with black points, or brown, but most commonly are gray or bay. Their head and body have a distinctive, light profile, with a prominent jaw and a broad forehead. Their neck is long and robust, and their withers are prominent. The Murgese breed is highly adaptable, and has many uses, including trail riding.

The Murgese horse originated in Italy during the 15th century. During the Spanish regime, it was used as a war horse. It was exported to various parts of Europe and was used in breeding programs. The breed was used in the breeding of the Lipizzaner horse and the Kladruber horse. It is believed that the ancestors of the Murgese horse influenced the Lipizzaner breed, as well as many other varieties.

The use of mare’s milk for human nutrition could be important for the recovery of the breed. Research conducted on a trial with eight Murgese mares showed that machine milking was more efficient than hand milking, resulting in a higher yield of fatter milk and a faster udder emptying rate. This higher production efficiency may have been due to the correct selection of technical parameters and lower levels of stockman competence, while open field tests showed that the relationship between the mare and the stockmen was poor. The milking system did not affect the animal’s behavior towards humans.


The Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry established the Anagraphic Register in 1990 to record equine groups, including the Murgese Horse. The Murgese population now totals approximately 1500 breeding animals: 1080 mares, 107 stallions, and 350 foals. All animals are blood-typed before registration. In 2004, a comprehensive study examined the level of inbreeding among the Murgese and concluded that the amount of inbreeding was within acceptable limits.

The Murgese Horse’s history is somewhat obscure. It evolved during the Spanish rule in Italy, and was later used as a cavalry mount. Unfortunately, this breed declined in numbers until it nearly became extinct in the 16th century. Thankfully, the institute helped preserve the breed and was founded by three foundation stallions. Since then, the Murgese Horse has been able to return to the same level of performance as its ancient predecessors.

Although SAA, Bardigiano, and Murgese share haplogroup L, their mitochondrial DNA control region sequences reveal high haplotype diversity. Inbreeding between these three breeds is likely to lead to reduced genetic variability and reduced evolutionary potential. The SAA is a particularly unique breed, with a highly isolated geographic setting, and its mitochondrial DNA was analyzed to determine whether the maternal lineage of the Murgese Horse was preserved.

The Murgese Horse is an Italian breed that originated from the cross between Barb and Arabian horses. The breed is hardy and naturally adapted to the hilly Murge region. Historically, the Murgese was used as a light draft horse, but now it is a popular breed on smaller farms. While there are many inbreeding cases among Murgese, the population is growing rapidly and about 60% of stallions were purchased by foreign owners in 2018.

Inbreeding is an inevitable problem in the Murgese, but it is also important to minimize it. The lower the AR coefficient is, the more genetic diversity there is. Breeders often try to balance the benefits and risks of inbreeding by culling individuals who don’t meet their standards. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of breeders to determine the level of inbreeding in their Murgese population.


The Murgese horse has a black or dark roan coat. It stands between 14 and 16 hands and is well rounded with a strong chest and legs. The breed was originally used for light draft work, but was later bred for their beautiful colors and temperaments. It was also the foundation breed for the Lipizzaner. Originally, the Murgese was widely imported to Northern Europe and Spain, where it was known as the Percheron. Percherons are also black or gray, though their coats are usually chestnut or bay.

The Murgese horse originated in the Murge area of southern Italy. The breed developed from a cross between Arabian and Barb horses. The Murgese was popular as Italian cavalry mounts, but today they are used for equine sports, leisure riding, and trekking. Their coats are black or blue roan, and they are easy to train. Breeders of the Murgese have a breeding program to ensure the quality of their equine companions.

Before 1926, the physical features of Murgese horses varied greatly, and were known as different types of the breed. Selective breeding in 1926 was done to restore the Murghese breed. A total of nine stallions and forty-six mares were chosen to revitalize the breed. These foundation stallions would eventually form the basis of the modern Murghese breed. The association of Murge Horse and Donkey Breeders in Martina Franca was founded in 1948. The Italian government also set up the Anagraphic Register in 1990.

The Murgese horse was developed during the Spanish era. They are thought to have originated from Barb and Arabian horses. During the fifteenth century, they were heavily used in Italian cavalry. Due to their popularity, however, they nearly disappeared in the sixteenth century. The Neapolitan horse, a close relative of the Murgese, was used extensively during the Great Italian Wars and is believed to have been the ancestor of the Murgese.

The Murgese horse’s coat color is genetic. The color of the horse is determined by two genes. The first gene is called Agouti, while the second is named Extension. In addition, both parents must have two black genes. In some cases, black is the dominant color, so the Murgese will have one or the other. This combination of genes results in a horse with a dark, deep coat.

Characteristics of a Murgese horse

The Murgese horse breed is known for its excellent resistance to disease. Organic disorders are virtually nonexistent in this breed, which has a strong skeleton, muscular structure, and thick epidermis. They are very durable, as their thick coat prevents them from being eaten by insects and thorny vegetation. As a result, they make good carriage horses and make excellent display horses. Breeders and owners are constantly discovering the many uses of this versatile horse.

The Murgese horse is an ancient breed that originated in the area of Murge, Apulia, Italy, during the Spanish period. They were developed from native horses and Barb breeds and were popular as Italian cavalry mounts during the 15th and 16th centuries. However, their numbers declined until they were nearly extinct in the nineteenth century. However, the breed is now becoming popular again as a sport horse.

The morphological evolution of the Murgese breed has been studied using data from 1,816 subjects entered in the Italian Horse Registry from 1925 to 2002. The parameters that were measured included chest girth, cannon bone circumference, and height at the withers. The results of this research have been used by breeders to determine the characteristics of this unique breed. In addition to their robustness, Murgese horses are also renowned for their intelligence and agility.

The breeding of Murgese horses for human consumption may be a key tool in the recovery of this unique breed. Compared with hand-milking, milk production efficiency was higher with machine milking. Mares also yielded more fat milk and the udder emptied more quickly. The increased production efficiency was attributed to better selection of technical parameters, but lower technical competence of stockmen could be another factor. However, open field tests revealed a poor relationship between stockmen and mares. The milking system did not affect the animals’ behavior toward humans.

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