The Russian Heavy Draft Horse

The Russian Heavy Draft Horse originated during the mid-19th century. Its origins were crossbreeding with other breeds, such as the Belgian Draft and the Ardennes. The Russian Heavy Draft Horse was first documented in records kept by VNIIK, the All-Russian Institute of Horsebreeding. At the time, Dr. Irina Sorokina was responsible for local draft breeds in Russia.

Breed characteristics

The Russian Heavy Draft Horse is a type of heavy farm animal with excellent milk capacity. In some areas of Russia, this breed is used for milk production and has also been used in crossbreeding for other horse breeds. Lactating females can produce up to two thousand kilograms (about three hundred and fifty pounds) of milk in a single lactation period. This milk is said to improve digestion, increase immunity, and stimulate appetite. In addition, it is highly recommended for treating various health issues including gastritis, anemia, and tuberculosis.

The Russian Heavy Draft Horse’s breed characteristics include an upright head, refined neck, long back, and low withers. It is also tall, with medium legs and short, strong legs. The breed is very gentle and can live in both warm and cold climates. They are also known for being highly adaptable. Regardless of the climate, they are hardy and willing to work. Several of them have been compared to American and European heavy trucks.

The Russian Heavy Draft Horse is tall and heavily-boned. Its shoulder produces a more upright gait. It also has a muscular hindquarters and a heavy bone. The breed tends to have a Roman nose and is often distinguished by a convex or straight face. The breed is naturally curious and has a calm temperament. A Shire born in 1848 weighed approximately 21.2 hands. The Mammoth was estimated to weigh about a thousand kilograms.

Despite its name, this breed is not particularly big, but it is still very muscular, with long, broad trunks, well-developed joints, and solid limbs. Stallions, however, are taller than their mares, with an average height of sixteen hands and a chest girth of about 200 centimeters. The average weight of a stallion is approximately six hundred and twenty kilograms (around 900 to 1,250 pounds). Generally, the breed is used for driving, agricultural work, and show jumping.


The Russian Heavy Draft Horse is a breed of horse that originated in Russia. Its breed was developed for heavy farm work and milk production. Its lactating females produce approximately 2500 kilograms of milk per lactation period, which lasts for six to seven months. The milk from the mares is believed to improve digestion, increase immunity, and stimulate appetite. These traits make this breed a desirable choice for milking purposes. In addition to being used for milking, the Russian Heavy Draft is also used for pulling.

The Russian Heavy Draft Horse breed was first recognized as a breed in 1952, but its origins date much further back. Developed in the former Soviet Union, the breed was originally a type of peasant horse. State breeding stations in Russia paired them with horses of various breeds of warm bloods. This type of horse was a popular choice for agricultural draft work and was eventually recognized as a breed. Throughout the twentieth century, the Russian Heavy Draft Horse was selectively bred to create a massively built horse with a free-moving gait.

The Russian Heavy Draft was developed from the Belgian Draft and the Orlov Trotter. Systematic breeding of this type of horse began in the mid-19th century. In 1900, the Russian Heavy Draft was introduced at the Paris Exhibition. Although the breed was almost completely eradicated during World War II, it continues to be a popular choice today. The Russian Heavy Draft is not overly large, but is well muscled.

In its early development, the Russian Heavy Draft Horse was used for transportation. Its strong constitution and short legs enabled the breed to be useful for pulling heavy loads. Its temperament is pleasant and easy to train. They are tolerant of cold and are docile. They can be used for both breeding and meat production. With proper care, the Russian Heavy Draft Horse can produce more than any other draft horse developed during the Soviet era.

Physical characteristics

The physical characteristics of the Russian Heavy Draft Horse are impressive, despite its small size. In general, these horses grow fast, reaching maturity at an early age. They reach 95% of their adult height and weight by the time they are two and a half years old. By three years of age, the Russian Heavy Draft Horse is fully grown. The physical characteristics of the Russian Heavy Draft Horse are 151.8 cm tall at the withers, 206.2 cm at the girth, and 22.3 cm at the cannon bone. They are also susceptible to degeneration, and are not recommended for breeding.

Another physical characteristic of the Russian Heavy Draft Horse is its balance. A horse’s legs take an enormous impact in most riding disciplines. Any deformities in these bones can lead to lameness in the future. The most common areas for injuries are the front legs. Those who own such a horse must be meticulous when selecting one. In addition to the front legs, the back legs are also critical. A correct balance means a horse can move freely with ease and power.

The physical characteristics of a Russian Heavy Draft Horse are outlined below. This breed was developed during the reign of Imperial Russia. It has the largest body of any breed, but is small in stature and has more feathering. Because it is docile and healthy, it makes a great companion for children. There are three types of the Russian Heavy Draft Horse. These horses are also available for breeding in Russia. These horses can be found in numerous stud farms in the country.


The diet of Russian Heavy Draft Horses is different than that of the Western European or American breeds. In the Russian Empire, they are popular for pulling and milk production. Their size and free gaits made them desirable to farmers. Because they grow so quickly, they can be used for all purposes within a relatively short time. Russian Heavy Drafts are not bred for performance or for show, though. This breed is raised for meat and used in crossbreeding programs to improve other horse breeds.

It’s important to remember that a heavy draft horse needs at least 1.5 percent of its body weight in forage every day. Although it needs three percent of its body weight in total food, a good amount of forage is important to this type of horse. A high-quality grass-legume mix is generally ideal. A heavy draft horse’s natural tendency is to enjoy grazing, but you must be careful not to overfeed them because this can cause laminitis. However, occasional vegetable treats are allowed, as long as they do not cause too much weight gain.

The Russian Heavy Draft Horse is adapted for heavy farm work. Although it is used primarily for farm work, it also has many benefits for milk production. The average lactating mare will produce up to 2500kg of milk in six or seven months. The milk is believed to improve digestion, enhance the immune system, and increase appetite. It is also recommended for those horses with diseases such as anemia, gastritis, and tuberculosis.

Grooming your horse daily is essential to his health. Most draft horses should be groomed before work, and this can help improve the skin’s appearance, prevent thrush, and prevent chafing under tack. Grooming your horse properly also helps develop trust between you and your horse. And while grooming your horse daily, don’t forget about the specialized training required for your breed.

Reputation as a draft horse

The Russian Heavy Draft horse was first bred in the mid-19th century. It evolved from crossbreeding draft horses from Belgium, Central Asia, and Russia. The breed is well known for its milk capacity, with lactating mares producing 2500 kg of milk in a single lactation. The milk produced by the breed is believed to improve digestion, increase immunity, and stimulate appetite. It is popular with dairy farmers, and is often recommended to those with tuberculosis, anemia, and gastritis.

The Russian Heavy Draft horse has a long and distinguished history of helping feed agriculture. It has been influential in improving agricultural stock for centuries. Even today, many horses pulling carts outside major cities are carrying the blood of a Russian Heavy Draft horse. Its repute is unmatched. A dependable breed, this breed has helped people around the world. It is also popular in competitions and pleasure riding. In addition, its hard working abilities make it an excellent choice for farming and the carriage trade.

The Russian Heavy Draft breed was first developed in the nineteenth century through the crossing of warmblood breeds. Its most popular form in the early twentieth century came from crosses between high-grade Ardennes and Brabancons. These crossbreeds maintained the old name of Ardennes. Two breeding centers, the Pershino stud in Kirov and the Khrenov stud in Sverdlovsk, helped shape the breed.

The Russian Draft Horse has a reputation for being tough. Napoleon used them throughout the Russian campaign to pull heavy loads. In fact, they became so popular that many other horse breeds ceased to exist after the war. They were also used for military work and remained in production until the Soviet Union was broken up. They still enjoy a reputation as a Russian heavy draft horse. But it wasn’t always so easy for them.

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