The Senner horse is one of the oldest known breeds in Germany. Records of wild horses living in the heathland of the Senne region first begin around 1160 when Bernhard I von Oesede donated a third of his untamed mares to the Hardehausen monastery. This donation and the monks’ subsequent cultivation of the breed made the Senners a highly coveted group of cultural people during the Middle Ages. In 1493, Count Bernhard VII von Lippe’s wife collected 64 wild perde. The collection contained 23 mothers and 18 foals, suggesting good fertility even then.
mtDNA type clustering
A recent study of mtDNA types in the Senner Horse suggests that the breed could have descended from a single population that has been domesticated over a long period of time. This study is important because it demonstrates that horses of this type cluster in particular geographical areas. It also demonstrates the importance of examining the relationships between different mtDNA types in the horse population. Hopefully, the study’s findings will help in the conservation and management of this rare horse breed.
The study used a large sample of mitochondrial DNA from domestic horses, including more than 5,000 individuals. To do this, the researchers used the de novo mtDNA genomes and 317 GenBank mtDNA sequences. Then, they constructed an updated phylogeny of horse mitochondrial HVR-1 sequences. The results showed that there are 17 very frequent mtDNA types in the Senner Horse population.
The results of this study suggest that there were at least two populations of wild horses in Europe before the domestication process began. Interestingly, this bottleneck scenario led to a collapse of these two populations in the 1940s, resulting in only 46 mares. The diversity of mtDNA types in the domesticated horse population suggests that the horses that were domesticated in these regions had more than one breeding population. This finding confirms archaeological claims that pony-like phenotypes were present in prehistoric horse populations.
This study also revealed that the two most common haplogroups in the breed were C2, D1, and D2. Interestingly, this group of horse haplotypes had different proportions in each breed. The results also showed that the Senner Horse was related to the Barbs, but not to the Iberians. As such, it is likely that the breeds are closely related, but it’s still unclear how many mtDNA haplotypes were present in the different generations.
Conservation status of the breed
The Senner horse is one of the oldest breeds of horse in Germany. Its existence dates back to the 12th century. The first documentation of wild horses in the Senne moorlands comes from 1160, when Bernhard I von Oesede donated a third of his herd to the Hardehausen monastery. During the Middle Ages, the Senner horse became one of the most prized cultural groups. The breeding centre was at Detmold until 1680 when it was moved to Jagdschloss Lopshorn (de), near Augustdorf.
Conservation breeding programs must be based on sound scientific data. The GEH is currently coordinating the work of breeders and other stakeholders to develop a long-term plan for the future of this unique breed. This strategy will require careful study of population structures and alternative management systems. Ideally, the breeding programmes of both breeds should be based on the same genetic distance. To do this, a centralized herd-book and common statistical routines must be implemented.
The Senne horse is estimated to have been domesticated in the 12th century. The horse was shaped by natural selection over the years. After the turn of the century, local studs closed and the horses were sold to private breeders. Today, the breeding of the Senner horse has returned to local hands, and the locals have a great affection for them. A single breeding mare gives birth to a foal after an 11 to 12-month gestation.
The conservation status of the Senner horse depends on its ability to perform in an organic farming environment. Moreover, it requires the use of genetic material from old breeds to improve their performance in organic farming. The evolution of farm animal breeds over time can be viewed as a cultural achievement of our forefathers. Therefore, it is crucial to safeguard the cultural heritage of mankind by conserving these breeds. In short, the Senner horse is a unique breed worth protecting.
Origins of the breed
The origins of the Senner Horse can be traced back to 1160, when the Bishop of Paderborn presented his estates to the Abbot of Hardehausen. In the late fifteenth century, the Lords of Lippe country began to collect the Senner mares. This collection of wild perdes included sixty-four horses, including twenty-three females and eighteen foals. During this period, the Senners were a highly prized cultural group, with many of them destined for use as draft horses or for riding.
The origins of the Senner Horse are a fascinating story. The breed has a rich and varied history. The Senner horse is one of the oldest horses in Germany. It is estimated that the breed first evolved in the 12th century. In time, it evolved with natural selection, and at the turn of the 20th century, many local studs stopped breeding the horses and sold them to private breeders. In the following decades, the breed returned to local hands. Today, the Senner horse is considered a symbol of the region’s history and culture.
The study also revealed a high level of genetic diversity among horses. This diversity is consistent with the theory that domestication happened through the recruitment of wild mares. Nevertheless, it is still difficult to pinpoint the domestication event, and genetic studies suggest that many of these lineages went extinct before leaving any genetic traces in modern horses. For this reason, the origin of the Senner horse remains controversial. While the study reveals a wide array of phenotypes, the main question remains, how did the horse get to this point?
There are no certain dates for the arrival of the Senner Horse in the Iberian Peninsula. Archeological evidence indicates that Rome began around this time. The Etruscans migrate to Italy and arrive there as well. The Cimmerians invade the region and bring with them many horses. When the Cimmerians defeat the Scythians, they take the horses with them. The Greek colony of Cyrene is formed in Libya, and horses are imported from Spain.
Characteristics of the breed
A warmblood breed of horse, the Senner is a rare variety of German warmblood that is bred to be easy-going and docile. They have many characteristics in common with other breeds, and their descendants may have contributed to the development of the Hanoverian horse. While the origins of the Senner horse are unknown, several mediaeval sources document the presence of feral horses in the Senne moorlands. One source dates from 1160, and the breeding center was located at Detmold until 1680. It was then relocated to Jagdschloss Lopshorn (de), near Augustdorf.
The Ardennes horse is extremely powerful, and its stamina stems from its Belgian and Arabian ancestors. Because of this, they can perform a wide range of functions and thrive on rugged terrain and small farms. Although this breed is durable and hardy, it is best suited for small farms. Although the Senner horse has a high level of sensitivity, it is not an ideal breed for people who are sensitive to the environment.
The body of the Senner Horse is eumetric and medium in length. The frontal profile is subconvex, and the croup is rounded and slightly arched. The ears are medium-sized and inserted well into the head. The stance is well-proportioned and its limbs are compact. The hocks have a pronounced gaskin and are well-balanced and able to facilitate elevated movements.
Although the Senner horse has only been found in small populations, there is genetic evidence that it may have originated from one group of wild horses. The population in Paderborn, Germany, is thought to be descended from a single mare named David born in 1725. A study of the mtDNA of this group of horses showed that all 18 sampled Sorraias had two distinct A1 mtDNA lineages, which differ from those of other Iberians.
Heritage of the breed
The Senner horse is one of the oldest breeds of horses in Germany. The first recorded sighting of wild perde in the Senne was in 1160, when Bernhard I von Oesede, the founder of the Hardehausen monastery, donated a third of his herd to a local monastery. The horse became a prized cultural group in the Middle Ages. The first breeding center for the Senner horse was at Detmold in 1493, when Count Bernhard VII of Lippe collected 64 wild perde. These included 23 foals and eighteen mothers, which indicates the horses were fertile in 1493.
The heritage of the Senner horse can be traced back to its founder, a 1725 mare named David. The mtDNA group, cluster G, is rare in other breeds, and these horses have been isolated from other species in the last century. Their small population is home to only a few dozen descendants, and a handful of stallion herds in Germany and Austria. While the heritage of the Senner horse varies widely, its history has always been important to horse enthusiasts.
The ancient Egyptians brought horsemen from Asia to the Mediterranean. The legendary Emperor Mu’s chariot was steered by a black, shaggy horse that looks like a dog. In fact, the Chinese word for horse is’maal’, which is closely related to the Irish mark and the Persian maal. Later, the Latini migrate from the Danube region to Europe and use their own horses. When the Elamites overrun their homeland, they take their horses with them. At this time, the Romans also begin to use the horse to conquer the Mediterranean.
The first Senner horses appear in the United States when King William III’s studmaster goes to Morocco to collect ponies. Soon after, the Comanche and Ute, both tribes of northern Mexico, are joined by the Choctaw in Oklahoma. After this, the Cayuse Indians begin to acquire horses of Spanish descent. Eventually, Nathan Harrison imports an Arabian stallion from Spain. The Senner horse breed is named after him.