What You Should Know About the Chilean Horse

Before you decide to buy a Chilean Horse, you should know a bit about this breed’s history and traits. If you’re not sure where to start, read this article for some basic information. Afterwards, you’ll know more about this magnificent horse. It has many qualities that make it a great horse to own and breed. Its physical characteristics are as follows:


The history of the Chilean Horse can be traced back to Father Rodrigo Gonzalez Marmolejo, who started breeding horses in New Toledo in 1544. He was a staunch advocate of quality, and his demand for superior crosses came from the town council. Quality demands were also enforced by war, as the Spanish settlers were forced to confront the indigenous Mapuche people who defended their lands and people for 350 years.

The Chilean Horse’s use declined as other countries in South America, but the popularity of rodeo helped save the breed. Participants in rodeo generally reject outside blood, so the Chilean Horse was able to thrive. Moreover, many of the European breeds were not present in the country. This protected the Chilean Horse’s reputation as an exceptional sport horse. And if you’re wondering, how do you tell the difference between a European and a native Chilean horse?

The Chilean Horse is one of the oldest stock horses in South America and in the Western Hemisphere. Its pure genealogy is even older than the formal breed registry. In 1536, Diego Almagro brought the first horses to Chile. Pedro Valdivia then settled in New Toledo. A year later, Rodrigo Gonzalez de Marmolego was declared the first Chilean horse breeder, stressing the quality of the animals.

Physical characteristics

The physical characteristics of the Chilean horse are determined by a number of factors, including height and girth. The girth circumference allows scientists to estimate an approximate weight for the horse. The height at the withers also helps distinguish different pony breeds. The Chilean Horse’s short legs and discreet profiled withers allow it to pin a steer to a wall, rather than having contact with its steer low on the anatomy.

Another important criterion is the maximum weight the horse can support. In corraleros, the maximum back load is approximately 115.0 kg, plus or minus 6.1 kg. In comparison, riders weigh an average of 80.8 kg, with the saddle weighing 11.6 kg. This means that the combined weight of the rider and the saddle is only 15% of the horse’s total weight. In contrast, other types of sports, such as dressage, involve lower rider-to-horse weight ratios.

Chilean Horses are not particularly tall, but they are still relatively large for their breed. The average height of Chilean horses is 1.401m (13.3 hands) for males and 1.398m (13.3 hands) for females. As a result, the height of a modern Chilean horse is larger than that of a breed standard from the 1970s. However, the breed standards are not as clear cut as what they suggest.


The Chilean Horse is a sturdy, strong breed with a sturdy back, croup, and hindquarters. Its legs are short and thick-boned. Its muscling is extensive and its body is straight and squared. Historically, the Chilean Horse was used by the Mapuche tribe to combat with their warriors. During this time, the breed was refined into a great war horse and several sub-varieties for various uses.

The size of the Chilean Horse is between 13 and 14 hands. They weigh between 1,000 and 1,400 pounds, and their mane and tail are among the thickest in the world. Their facial profile is semi-convex, and they have thick, curly manes and tails. The Chilean Horse was also heavily used in Chilean rodeo. While the horse was once highly regarded for its beauty, the breed has suffered from the onset of equine-related diseases.

The country’s isolation from the rest of the world helped to preserve the purity of the breed. Chile had been at war with the Mapuche Indians for three centuries, and the country sought hardy, robust horses for use in military purposes. Ultimately, the country decided to establish a national breed. This is why the Chilean Horse has so many unique qualities. If you’re planning to breed a horse, consider these traits.


The grulla color of the Chilean Horse is a result of the “D” gene in the black genotype. It is a separate color category in the Chilean Horse breed. The grulla color is also known as “barroso” in Chile, “gateado” in Central America, and “lobuno” in Argentina. The grulla color is widely admired. Some believe it has prehistoric origins; in early Celtic Ponies of the northern Iberian Peninsula, a coat color called mouse gray is a common appearance.

Before 1850, Chile was a closed breed type. Although Chile believed it produced the best horses in South America, the mountains and terrain made imports more difficult. Modern transport opened the door for the importation of different breeds, and Chile was one of the last regions of the continent to accept a new breed. Because of the isolation, many Chilean Horses remain pure and unbroken. These horses have been popular in European and South American royalty.

In 1989 and 1992, Eduardo Porte studied the average height of Chilean horses. He found that males and females were around 1.385m and 13.5 hands high, respectively. Under ideal conditions, the height difference between males and females may be zero or very small. Nonetheless, males tend to be slightly larger than females. The Chilean Horse has an impressive history of producing champions and is one of the most popular breeds in Chile.

Cultural significance

The history of the Chilean horse dates back to the late 1700s, when the first imports began trickling into the country. This breed was initially a lowly working horse, but was regarded as superior enough to represent Chile in the 19th century. Its traits were defined by influential breeders and became highly prized by the military. The horses were also brave enough to take on Indians, making them valuable to the Chilean military.

The horse’s rich heritage and cultural importance has led to the development of several distinct breeds. In the 17th century, Chile had very specific types of horses, including trotters and pacers. These horses earned the reputation of being the best in South America. The horse was developed in open range cattle ranching and its athletic abilities were further developed with every passing generation. The Chilean horse became a symbol of Chilean cow culture, and modern rodeo disciplines were born out of these traditions.

In addition to its cultural heritage, the Chilean Horse is the oldest stock horse in Southern America. The breed was first developed in 1544 in New Toledo, Chile. The breed developed through selective breeding by Rodrigo Gonzalez Marmolejo, a Spaniard who wanted a horse with intelligence, hardiness, and balanced temperament. The Chilean horse’s hardiness helped it become a valuable war horse and cattle herding animal.

Geographic isolation

The geographical isolation of the country of Chile helped the horse breed develop in its purest form. Its genetics were shaped by the environment and the needs of people, including the Mapuche Indians, for over 350 years. Over the course of the centuries, the Chilean Horse has been refined to become an exceptional war mount and many different varieties exist for different purposes. But what made the Chilean Horse so special? Here are five facts that will give you more information about the unique breed.

The study’s researchers contacted owners and scheduled interviews with their horses. These horses were kept in paddocks and pens, but only 10% of them were free to move around. Extensive confinement periods, particularly in Chile’s corralero horses, are related to abnormal behavior. In fact, about 10 percent of the horses exhibited vices, such as “cribbing,” a behavior resulting from prolonged confinement.

The introduction of new viruses to South America makes movement of subclinically infected horses possible. In addition, the relatively short quarantine periods for horses allow them to spread from one country to another. Movement of horses for breeding, competition, and recreational purposes between countries in South America makes this virus easy to spread. These horses can also be infected with EI. However, this situation highlights the need for biosecurity and quarantine in South America.

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